The African continent has been plagued with conflicts. These conflicts come under different shades; tribalism, religion, chieftaincy and land. Enemies are perceived and defined variously. Depending on the circumstances and setting; an irritating neighbor, a bitter-tongued boss or even a person of different colour, skin and speech. In the case of biblical David, Saul was his "enemy", as long as he was alive, David could not mount the throne of Isreal. Saul's death therefore, was David's life. Amazingly enough, not once would David make any effort of his own to remove Saul even when he had the opportunity.
Political conflicts also exist but are often fined tuned to be in line with the above, which have so far proved to be the major causes of conflict in Africa. A lot of lives have been lost as a result of these conflicts. And as governments of the various countries in the continent try to find lasting solution to these conflicts, efforts must be made to get to the root causes of these conflicts, which often come as a result of lack perceived or real neglect in the share of resources, violation of laid down procedures to chieftaincy succession and in some cases lack of tolerance of each other's views. Interestingly, it has always, in most cases, been difficult to draw a thick line between the causes of a conflict, as all the causes are inter-twinned.
In Ghana, even though its citizens can boast of a relatively peaceful state, nonetheless, there have often been pockets of conflicts from time to time, giving a dent to the otherwise peaceful island in the midst of war and instability in the sub-region. Such out-burst of conflicts are not unexpected as Ghana can boast of a number of tribes each of which has a unique cultural practices including their way of worship and perception of things in general.
Even though inter-tribal conflicts often rear its ugly head among some communities, chieftaincy with its associated land disputes are the major causes of conflicts in the country. It has witnessed a lot of bloodshed and loss of thousands of lives .Inter-tribal conflict has also been an age-old phenomenon in Ghana. Again, this aspect of conflict comes about of because of the heterogeneous nature of the country. And as each tribe tries to showcase its rich values as well as protects its sovereignty, there is always bound to be a clash. This is particularly common with tribes that share common boarders.
The wide spread of violent conflicts in the world can therefore, partly be attributed to the natural's man response to "obstacles" through physical harm and war. War is the full-scale display of humans' determination to have our own way. The short-sightedness of acting this way is that for every "enemy" he destroys, ten more arise. To conquer the enemy is to love him/her; have good will towards him/her. This will require courage never to take your own revenge.
The Peace Building and Conflict Transformation programme seeks to provide early warning mechanisms/signals through grass root intelligence information gathering to the enable all stakeholders proactively manage the situation before it explode .As a precursor to conflicts the programme strive to foster peace and unity among various groupings through activities such as games, exchange visits, communal activities and debates/symposiums and development and distribution of appropriate information, education and communication materials on the root causes and the effects of violent conflicts. In some cases political conflict has often been linked with any of the major conflicts.
The program in collaboration with other organizations map out existing flash spots while monitoring other potential conflict areas through capacity building on intelligence information gathering and triangulation to help informed appropriate decisions making. Particular attention is placed on already known trouble spots in Northern Ghana, a victim of conflicts. Where each tribe in an attempt to showcase its rich values as well as protects its sovereignty, there has often been clashes. The goal is to increase public awareness and promote community dialogue to enhance prevention efforts while providing relief assistance to victims of escalated and violent conflicts.